The need for systems engineering (SE) arose with the increase in complexity of systems and projects. SE encourages the use of tools and methods to better comprehend and manage complex projects. This ensures that all likely aspects of a project or system are considered, and integrated into a whole.
Some examples of these techniques include:
- system model A system model represents multiple views i.e. inputs, outputs, requirements, or implementations. It is the conceptual model.
- modeling and simulation Modeling and simulations tests possible outcomes and gives you information to reduce costs and risks in real life. This can even be faster than in real time. Many tools exist to help systems engineers model and simulate their projects.
- system analysis “the process of studying a procedure or business in order to identify its goals and purposes and create systems and procedures that will achieve them in an efficient way.”
- system architecture The system architecture is a conceptual model that represents the behavior and structure of the system.
INCOSE describes systems engineering as “an interdisciplinary approach and a means to enable the realization of successful systems. It focuses on defining customer needs and required functionality early in the development cycle, documenting requirements, then proceeding with design synthesis and system validation while considering the complete problem.”
Since the term was coined in the 1950s, systems engineering has evolved into a broad discipline that is used in all kinds of project development. For example, it can be utilized for anything from building bridges to spacecraft design. It can even be used for implementing a sophisticated transportation management system. The possibilities are endless. Regardless of what you are developing, SE can be very beneficial.
Some of the benefits include, but are not limited to, the following:
- covers the entire project life cycle
- produces better products and processes
- reduces lead time
- reduces design changes
- time savings in managing the exchange of requirements with partner
- eliminates costly rework
- optimizes the final system design
- reduces project risk
- reduces cost
- more rapid integration and testing
- better traceability of decision making
- improves reliability
Clearly there is a lot of opportunity for success and increased profitability with good systems engineering practices. By investing in SE, manufacturers can create higher quality products, business can reduce risk, organization can manage complexity all while saving time and money; business can reduce risk. In addition, SE can provide an organization with a clear competitive advantage, and can be integrated into any developmental process.
For more information, or if you have any questions or comments, please feel free to contact us at SPEC Innovations today.
Topics: Systems Engineering